The current edition of the manual, which was published in 2000, describes 283 disorders — about triple the number in the first edition, published in 1952.
Experts say that some of the most crucial debates are likely to include gender identity, diagnoses of illness involving children, and addictions like shopping and eating.
Some of the debates you can see why they would be debated,
One example, Dr. First said, is binge eating, now in the manual’s appendix as a tentative category.
“A lot of people want that included in the manual,” Dr. First said, “and there’s some research out there, some evidence that drugs are helpful. But binge eating is also a normal behavior, and you run the risk of labeling up to 30 percent of people with a disorder they don’t really have.”
And some of the debates are not what one would expect,
Transgender people are themselves divided about their place in the manual. Some transgender men and women want nothing to do with psychiatry and demand that the diagnosis be dropped. Others prefer that it remain, in some form, because a doctor’s written diagnosis is needed to obtain insurance coverage for treatment or surgery.
So there you have it.